There National day against food wastewas established sinceMinistry of the Environmentin 2013, not only to recover the food waste produced by Italians but above all to prevent it. The one that is celebrated on February 5 every year is theFood waste prevention day in Italy.
Thefood wasteit is not only a problem of food but also of impacts on biodiversity and the climate: the estimate shows that food waste they cause CO2 emissions of 3.3 billion tons, an overall figure that challenges the world's largest CO2 emitters. When it comes to CO2 emissions, unfortunately, few people are able to "interpret" this data.
The CO2 emissions produced with thefood wastethey are huge. Think of a polluting country, you will certainly have visualized China, here, the production of CO2 linked tofood wasteit's just two steps below all of China's reported CO2 emissions! In the ranking of the largest CO2 emitters in the world, after China and the United States, there isfood waste.
Food waste: the water impact
Allofood wastea high waste of water is correlated, we are talking about 250 cubic km of water thrown into the dustbin, such as draining away the annual flow of water from the Volga or three times the volume of the water of Lake Geneva.
LOOK PHOTOS OF THE VINEYARDS, ANTI-WASTE CAMPAIGN
Correlating water waste to food waste is easy, just think that in Italy alone, water consumption depends 85% on agricultural activities, in this case, 75% on the production of vegetables that become food (or food waste) for humans and animals and 10% for the direct management of livestock.
Food waste: the impact on the climate
Heavy emissions of CO2 (greenhouse gases) have a negative impact on the climate, increasing the climate change that everyone fears. Studies say that climate change can reduce agricultural productivity, thereby decreasing global food availability. The poorest populations and families who base their income on crops, livestock farming and fishing are the worst offenders. A real vicious circle: on the one hand food is wasted, on the other hand, food waste produces greenhouse gases that undermine the same food productivity by increasing efforts to produce food.
If the problem of theworld hungernot close enough to the western world, what will reward you in the long run will be a sharp rise in food prices.
Food waste: the impact on biodiversity
It is difficult to estimate the impact on the biodiversity offood wasteglobally. It is much simpler to analyze the negative effects of agricultural expansion and extensive cultivation; agricultural expansion will see habitat fragmentation with a strong loss of biodiversity. Not to mention the catastrophic impacts associated with livestock farming (for further information, "Intensive farming and environmental damagethe").
Food waste: the economic impact
The loss of land, water and biodiversity linked to food waste represents a cost for society as a whole that has not yet been quantified.
The direct economic cost of thefood wasteof agricultural products (excluding fish products) is valued at 750 billion dollars, a figure equivalent to the GDP of Switzerland which takes into account only direct costs and not indirect ones: think about the disposal of food waste itself, think about the damage caused climate change and land mismanagement (for further information,Hydrogeological instability: definition and causes). The economic cost for consumers is approximately 7.65 billion euros per year (see next paragraph).
The protagonists of food waste
The responsibility of thefood wasteis of consumers who spend an average of € 316 per year on food that is thrown away without being consumed due to carelessness or negligence, but also of a production system that too often loses food and resources along the supply chain, up to 50% of total losses , even before they reach the table. On the basis of the data collected, it is estimated that every year on average an Italian family throws 49 kg of food and therefore a total of 1.19 million tons of food are wasted. In economic terms, this corresponds to approximately € 7.65 billion (€ 316 per family).
Who are the wasteful people of Italy?
The amount of food wasted is higher in the southern regions and in the higher income brackets.
In the images, the cartoons of the awareness campaign for the prevention of food waste. For the download of the images (perhaps to propose them on your social networks and make you spokesperson for the anti-food waste campaign), all the cartoons are available in our Photo gallery.
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