Citrus cultivation in pots: instruction on the care to be given to lemons, oranges and other potted citrus fruits. From fertilizer to pruning, from irrigation to treatments for the most common diseases. What to do in case of citrus that is losing leaves or with yellow leaves.
Therecultivation of citrus fruits in potsit represents an excellent opportunity for those who have little space in the garden and do not want to give up fresh lemons, oranges and mandarins. Of course, you shouldn't expect fruit and vegetable crops, but if they docareare adequate, you will undoubtedly have your satisfaction.
Which citrus fruits can be grown in pots
Forcitrus fruitswe mean plants belonging to the Rutaceae family and their fruits. The citrus fruits most common in Italy are orange and bitter orange, thelemon, grapefruit, mandarin, pomelo, cedar, clementine, bergamot, chinotto, lime and combava.
Amongcitrus fruitsbest suited tocultivation in potswe point out the bitter orange, the bergamot, the sweet Roman lime, the lemon and grapefruit. Japanese mandarin (more rounded) and Chinese mandarin (smaller and oval shaped) can also begrown in potswithout much difficulty.
Citrus cultivation in pots
Do not be surprised if it takes a long time from the first plant to the fruit: the lemon tree could take 2 - 6 years to give you the first fruits. On the contrary, if you buy a potted plant already bearing fruit, it is not certain that they will produce any during the following year. If you have a lemon without fruit or a orange without fruit that, while at the time of purchase he had many, don't worry.
Citrus fruits alternate more abundant years with poorer years, moreover it is possible that the plant has yet to adapt to the new climate / substrate or, that you have done something wrong in terms offertilizationorpruning. Forgrowing citrus fruits in pots, follow these helpful tips:
- Repair the citrus fruits in potsto protect them from the cold: transfer the pots inside or cover the foliage with non-woven fabric. Transfer the citrus fruits outside only at the end of the winter frosts.
- The pot must be placed in an area sheltered from the wind but well airy.
- The pot must be exposed in order to have at least 4-5 hours of sunshine per day.
- Provide balanced and specific fertilizations for citrus fruits.
- Repot regularly until the fully mature plant is placed in a definitive pot with a diameter of 70-80 cm. The diameter of the pot must be proportional to the size of the plant.
How to prune citrus in pots
Who intends growing citrus fruits in pots will have to pay particular attention to the phase of pruning. According to your needs (space, sun exposure, climate) it is possible to choose the most suitable forms of farming, in this regard, we refer you to the article dedicated to the pruning of citrus fruits in pots:How to prune citrus fruits in pots,the instructions are valid for allcitrus fruits, especially for thelemons.
How to repot citrus fruits
All citrus fruits that are grown in pots, like all plants, need a repotting periodic: this will allow the roots to develop better and therefore produce more fruit.
How to repot citrus fruits? Water the plant copiously. Give plenty of water so as to allow easier extraction of the root system combined with the earthen bread.
Thus extracted, the plant must be placed in the new container but only after removing the excess soil, so to speak, the one not anchored to the root system. If the plant is very large, get help from other people. Take advantage of therepottingto add a little organic matter to the substrate.
The best time for repotting
The repotting it should preferably be done during the month of June and must be repeated every 2-3 years when the plant is still young and every four as it grows and becomes more robust.
The repotting it becomes definitive when the container reaches a size of 70-80 centimeters in diameter. From this moment on, annually it will be convenient for you to move the surface earth and replace it with fresh soil rich in organic matter.
How to fertilize potted citrus fruits
As stated, the land of the jar it must be enriched with organic matter both at the time of the first implantation and during subsequent onesrepotting. The substrate, however, is not the only source of nutrients for the plant ... in a container as small as a vase, there are not many nutrients and the nutritional needs of citrus fruits must be satisfied withfertilizer. There fertilization it must be carried out periodically using a specific fertilizer for citrus fruits. If you have ground lupine at home, add it periodically to the first layers of the soil. If not, you can choose one of the many citrus fertilizers that you will find in garden centers or on Amazon. To get an idea, I invite you to visit "this Amazon page" where you will find several specific fertilizers.
Citrus fruits with yellow leaves or shedding leaves
Citrus fruits with yellow leaves can be victims of nutritional deficiencies or diseases. Root rot is caused by fungi or bacteria and results in leaf yellowing. Usually it will be enoughfertilize potted citrus fruitswith ox blood enriched with chelated iron, the nutritional deficiencies that cause leaf yellowing are nitrogen and iron. Ox blood enriched with chelators provides high doses of nitrogen and compensates for any iron deficiencies. For all the info: ox blood.
If potted citrus fruits lose leaves, the information contained in the article "Lemon leaking leaves”Can be extended to all citrus fruits.