How to grow peonies: instructions oncultivation of peony. How to plant the peony, care to devote to the plant and diseases. What to do if peonies do not bloom.
Therepeonyit is a plant that can have both herbaceous and shrubby habit. Shrub peonies have a woody stem while herbaceous ones reach a maximum height of 100 cm.
There cultivation of peoniesit does not require special knowledge. These plants have a strong adaptability and can withstand even the coldest winters.
Peony flowers, red peony and white peony
We can admire the splendid blooms ranging from pure white to intense red. Flowering starts in mid-April, we witness the boom of flowers in May and then begin to fade from the end of June. The flowers spread a delicate scent similar to that of roses. But let's see in detail how to grow peonies following some useful indications.
Shrub peonies and herbaceous peonies
There are so many species of peonies, among the most beautiful we can mention the suffruticosa, which can reach up to 2 m in height. It's about a shrubby peony characterized by a white inflorescence spotted with purple or pink at the base.
A very popular variety is that of red peony, among these, Sang Lorrain differs a little from other varieties because it loves to thrive in full sun.
All theshrub peoniesthey can reach a height of 2 meters. They have a woody stem and many branches that are completely stripped in winter. Thereshrubby peonyit is a stripping plant and the stem sprouts every spring.
Thereherbaceous peonyinstead, in winter it dries up completely. Thetuberit remains in the ground and then sprouts again every spring.
Theshrub peoniesYes they cancultivateto form very large and woody bushes. In width, both types of peonies can expand to cover a patch of two meters.
The peonies they lend themselves very well to the collection of cut flowers and drying. Experts recommend collecting the peony flowersearly in the morning to ensure that their scent lasts as long as possible.
Peony that does not flower
If there is one in your gardenpeony that does not flowerthe time has come to act. With the right precautions you can recover onepeony in bloom. For all information, I refer you to the page:Peony that does not bloom.
How to plant a peony
Theshrub peoniesthey must be planted at a distance of 130-150 cm from each other. For theherbaceous peoniesinstead, the distance to be respected between the different plants is about 80 cm.
For both shrubby and herbaceous begonias, the width of the hole should be 40 cm. At the bottom of the excavation, place a couple of inches of expanded clay to maximize drainage. The tuber should be placed at a depth of 4-5 cm.
Immediately after planting, it is necessary to irrigate abundantly so that the roots adhere to the soil.
How to grow peonies
Here are some key points to keep in mind during thecultivation of peony.
- Prefer light and alkaline soils.
- Prefer shady or semi-shaded environments when planting.
- Increase the intensity and frequency of irrigation in the period from spring to early autumn.
- For the first two years of life, ensure greater plant care. The shrub peony is very long-lived, so much so that if the roots grow well, the peonies they can live up to 50 years.
Multiplication of the peony
It is possible to use the seeds for the shrub forms and the tubers for the herbaceous forms. For the sowing of the peony use fertile seeds, if the seeds have been self-produced, remember that it is strongly possible that the new plant has different characteristics than the original one. There are certified hybrids on the market.
For the purchase of plants, seeds and tubers, you can go to your trusted nursery or take advantage of the online purchase. There is no shortage of proposals on Amazon. To get an idea of the varieties and species, I invite you to visit the Amazon page dedicated to the peony: click onThis Page.